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According to the original "Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act" ("GHG Management Act"), the EPA created the "National Climate Change Action Guidelines," which was approved by the Executive Yuan on Feb. 23, 2017. After the "GHG Management Act" was amended and promulgated as the "Climate Change Response Act" ("Climate Act") on Feb. 15, 2023, the MOENV drafted the second version of Action Guidelines as ordained by Article 9 of the "Climate Act" in reference to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, its agreements, resolutions from other relevant international conventions, and domestic realities in Taiwan as well as in consultation with central industry competent authorities. The Action Guidelines were approved by the Executive Yuan on Nov. 3, 2023 as an important guiding policy for Taiwan's climate change adaptation and greenhouse gas reduction strategy.

In terms of climate change adaptation, the Action Guidelines put emphasis on referring to latest international and domestic climate change research, analysis, and scenario estimation, including climate change risk factors, raising climate change adaptation capabilities, lowering vulnerability and strengthening resilience, implementing climate change risk evaluations, as well as planning early warning mechanisms and systematic monitoring to ensure national sustainable development. Specifically, seven areas for adaptation are listed in the policy, including "enhancing infrastructure resilience," "ensuring supply-demand balance and efficiency of water resource," "facilitating reasonable allocation of land use to increase land resilience," "preventing coastal disasters and ensuring sustainable marine resources," "enhancing power supply and industry adaptation capabilities," "ensuring agricultural production and maintaining biodiversity," and "reinforcing public health, disease-prevention, and health risk management."

In terms of reducing greenhouse gas, echoing Taiwan's Net Zero by 2050 Route and 12 Key Strategies, the Action Measures lists reduction policies in six sectors, including "building zero-carbon power systems, enhancing electricity supply stability and resilience," "facilitating industries' green transition, building circular economy-oriented sustainable production models," "developing smart green transportation, promoting net zero transition for transportation," "building sustainable, net zero buildings and promoting low-carbon transition," "facilitating sustainable agriculture, improve ecological system management," and "reducing environmental burden, setting up society for energy and resource circulation."

In addition, to facilitate the implementation of climate governance policies, eight supporting measures are included, which include "promoting green finance to enhance industries' climate resilience," "completing legal bases for climate regulations," "implementing carbon pricing system," "promoting climate science and adaptation research," "implementing public behavioral change, knowledge and awareness promotion," "cultivating climate change response talent," and "implementing just transition and civic engagement."

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